7TH GRADE SCIENCE NGSS

MR. BRIAN BENTLEY'S CLASS

These are the units we are going to study in this class this year in order.

1. INTRO TO SCIENCE

2. CHEMICAL REACTIONS

3. CELLS

4. BEHAVIOR & REPRODUCTION

5. ENERGY

6. ELECTRICITY & MAGNETS

7. WAVES

8. SPACE (FORCES & INTERACTIONS)

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INTRO TO SCIENCE

Read Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 1 The Nature of Science

Students will learn what science is and how scientist study their environment. Students will be introduced to the scientific method.

WEBSITES

The Hypothesis Song

Ocean Odyssey: Oil Cleanup

Science and the Metric System

Describe the processes used by scientists to conduct investigations.

What is Science?

The Scientific Method

Fact, Opinion, and Bias

Video: Does Bias Play a Role in Science

Video: Measurement Mystery

Sharing Information

Check for Understanding:Describe the Processes Used By Scientists to Conduct Investigations

Explain the importance of following the steps of scientific inquiry.

How Do Scientists Obtain New Knowledge? Scientific Method

Video: The Scientific Method Song

What are Independent and Dependent Variables?

Scientific Method and Data Analysis

Video: Using Roboots for Inquiry

Check for Understanding: Explain the Importance of Following the Steps of Scientific Inquiry

Engineering Introductory Material

Video: What is Engineering

Video: Scientists Profile - Solar Vehicle Engineer

Introduction Guiding Questions

Engineering Design

Describe the engineering process.

You Are an Engineer

Video: The Engineering Process

Video:Jesse Has a Problem: Think Like an Engineer Part 1

Video: Jesse & Squeaks Build a Better Back Scratcher Part 2

Video: Defining Success

Video: NASA Now: Engineering Design Process: Hubble Space Telescope

Video: Crazy Engineering: The Camera That Fixed Hubble

Check For Understanding: Describe the Engineering Process

Explain how the engineering process is used to solve a problem.

Video: Let's Fly!

Video: A Case of What-If's

Video: Engineering Games

What is a Satellite?

Video: So You Want to Build a Satellite

NASA: Building Hope

Video: Crazy Engineering: Gecko Gripper

Check for Understanding Engineering 2

Describe the role of the engineering process in technology.

Video: Green Careers: Civil Engineer

Video: What Makes Bridges So Strong?

Video: The Robot Challenge

What is Robotics?

Video: Scientific Profile: Biomedical Engineer

Check for Uderstanding: Engineering 3

ACTIVITIES

Virtual Microscope Activity

Laying The Foundation Materials

"Exploring Experimental Design"

"Come Fly With Us"

Scientific Method Practice 1

"Penny Lab"

Scientific Method Practice 2

"Numbers in Science"

No Textbook

Web Links

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CHEMICAL REACTIONS

Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 20 Properties and Changes of Matter

and Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 21 Substances, Mixtures, and Solubility and Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 22 States of Matter

Only Section 2 Changes of State and Blue Book "L" Chapter 1 Chemical Bonds and Blue Book "L" Chapter 2 Chemical Reactions

Students will 1) Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.

2) Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.

3) Undertake a design project to construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes.

WEBSITES

Playlist Study Guide

Describe how, in a chemical reaction, atoms are regrouped into different molecules with new properties.

Video: Chemical Changes

Video: Introduction to Chemical Reactions

Reading: Recognizing Chemical Reactions

Video: Physical & Chemical Changes

Practice: Physical & Chemical Changes - Cut & Organize

Check for Understanding - Recognizing Chemical Reactions

Check for Understanding - Chemical Changes & Physical Changes

Use and interpret chemical equations that represent chemical reactions.

Reading: Writing Chemical Equations

Reading: Writing Chemical Equations

Video: A Beginers Guide to Balancing Equations

Check for Understanding: Reactants and Products in a Chemical Reaction

Check for Understanding: Writing Chemical Equations

Describe the conservation of atoms in a chemical reaction.

Video: Conservation of Mass

Video: Law of Conservation of Mass

Video: What is the Law of Conservation of Mass?

Reading: Conservation of Mass in Chemical Reactions

Check for Understanding: Conservation of Mass in Chemical Reactions

Describe how some chemical reactions release energy and others store energy.

Video: Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions

Diagram: Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions

Reading: Endothermic Reactions

Reading: Exothermic Reactions

Check for Understanding: Releasing and Absorbing Energy

ACTIVITIES

Thermal Energy Demonstration

Thermal Energy Lab

Purple Cabbage Juice Lab

LAB 1: Density Labs

LAB 2: Solubility of Salt in Water at Different Temperatures

LAB 3: States of Matter Virtual Lab

LAB 5 pH of Soil - Hydrangea Virtual Lab

LAB 6: Why Things Float Virtual Lab

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CELLS

(Including Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration)

Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 8 Life's Structure & Classification and Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 9 Cell Processes and Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 10 Cell Reproduction and Green Book "B" From Bacteria To Plants Chapter 5 - section 1 only "Photosynthesis & Respiration"

Students will 1) Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells, either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.

2) Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways parts of cells contribute to the function.

3) Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells.

4) Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.

5) Develop a model to describe how food is rearranged through chemical reactions forming new molecules that support growth and/or release energy as this matter moves through an organism.

WEBSITES

Vocabulary

Introduction to Cells

Playlist Study Guide

Describe what cells are and how they relate to all living things.

Video: Introduction to Cells

Video: Eukaryotic vs Prokaryotic Cells

Reading: Life's Building Blocks

Check for Understanding: What Are Cells

Describe the special structures that make up cells, and explain the special roles of each structure.

Reading: Cell Structures

Interactive: Inside a Cell

Video: Parts of a Cell Rap

Presentation: Cell Structures

Interactive: Plant vs Animal Cells

Check for Understanding: Structure and Function of Cells

Describe how the body is a system organized into many interacting smaller systems.

Reading: What is a Body System

Reading: Organization of Cells

Video: Human Body Systems

Video: How Your Digestive System Works

Website: Explore the Human Body

Check for Understanding: Body Systems

Describe how and why producers use the process of photosynthesis.

Video: Vegetation Transformation

Video: Study Jams Photosynthesis

Video: Where Do Trees Get Their Mass From?

Reading: Photosynthesis

Interactive: Photosynthesis Overview

Video: Every Breath You Take is Connected

Check for Understanding: Photosynthesis

Describe how and why food is chemically changed as it moves through an organism.

Reading: Cellular Respiration

Video: Cellular Respiration

PPT: Cellular Respiration

Check for Understanding: Cellular Respiration

Identify which organisms use cellular respiration and which organisms can also use photosynthesis, and describe the purpose of each process.

Reading: Types of Organisms That Can Use Photosynthesis

Video: The Simple Story of Photosynthesis and Food

Reading: Connecting Photosynthesis and Respiration

Slideshow: Photosynthes and Respiration

Video: Photosynthesis and Respiration

ACTIVITIES

LTF Lessons

Microscope Mystery Lab

Calculator Lab

Excel Lab

LAB: Students will learn how to use a microscope and look at pre-prepared slides to identify tissues, cells and cell parts.

Photosynthesis StudyJams Video

Cell Sizes SAS Activity

Organelle Functions SAS Activity

Human Body Systems SAS Activity

Light & Plant Growth Virtual Lab

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BEHAVIOR & REPRODUCTION

Green Book C "Animal Diversity" Chapter 5 Animal Behavior and Green Book B "From Bacteria to Plants" Chapter 4 "Plant Reproduction"

Students will; 1) Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

2) Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

WEBSITES

Playlist Study Guide

Playlist Vocabulary

Describe how different living things reproduce.

Slideshow: Sexual vs Asexual Reproduction

Video: Sexual Reproduction

Video: Sexual vs Asexual Reproduction

Video:What is Inheritance?

Interactive: Sexual vs Asexual Reproduction

Check for Understanding: Sexual vs Asexual Reproduction

Identify how different animal behaviors increase their chance of reproduction and the survival of their offspring.

Video: Animal Courtship

Reading: Courtship Behavior

Reading: Raising Offspring and Animal Behavior

Check for Understanding: Animal Reproduction

Describe how plants reproduce.

Reading: Plant Reproduction

Video: Seed Dispersal

Video: Growth of a Plant

Video: Flower into a Fruit

Check for Understanding: Plant Reproduction

Check for Understanding: Plant Reproduction

Describe how both genes and the environment can affect the growth of organisms.

Video: Why is Your Grandma So Short?

Reading: How Tall Will I Be?

Reading: Genes

Check for Understanding: Factors Affecting Growth & Survival

Reading: Genes, Environment, and Behavior

Behavior Virtual Lab


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ENERGY UNIT

Read Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 24 Energy and Energy Resources

Students will 1) Develop a model to describe that when the arrangement of objects interacting at a distance changes, different amounts of potential energy are stored in the system.

2) Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.

3) Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.

4) Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.

WEBSITES

Play List Study Guide

Vocabulary: Conservation of Energy

Vocabulary: Forms of Energy

Describe how potential energy is dependent on the position of objects.

Potential Energy

Video: Types of Energy

Potential Energy Basics

Gravitational Potential Energy

Elastic Potential Energy

Describe how energy will automatically move from hotter areas to colder areas.

Heat!

Types of Heat Transfer

Video: Types of Heat Transfer

Conduction

Convection

Radiation

Flashcards: Types of Heat Transfer

Types of Heat Practice

Explain why changing the motion energy of an object results in some other change in energy at the same time.

Energy of Motion

Potential vs Kinetic Energy

Energy and It's Conservation

Pendulums and Conservation

Energy Conservation

Energy Transformations Practice

Potential vs Kinetic Energy Practice

Describe factors that influence the amount of energy needed to change the temperature of a material.

What Matters When Heating?

Specific Heat Capacity

Specific Heat

Heat Capacity

Heat

Specific Heat: What is It?

ACTIVITIES

PRESENTATION: Students will learn about energy and energy resources and then choose one energy resource to learn about in detail and then write a report or give a multimedia presentation about the resource they choose.

LAB: Kinetic & Potential Energy Virtual Lab (SAS)

Potential & Kinetic Energy Virtual Lab

Insulation Virtual Lab

States of Matter Virtual Lab

Work Virtual Lab

Insulation Virtual Lab

Students will review series and parallel circuits and create them with wires motors and batteries.

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ELECTRICITY & MAGNETS

Blue Book "N" Electricity & Magnetism Chapter 1 Electricity, Chapter 2 Magnetism, Chapter 3 Electronics & Computers

Students will 1) Ask questions about data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces.

2) Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact.

3) Integrate qualitative scientific and technical information to support the claim that digitized signals are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information than analog signals.

WEBSITES

Describe the properties of electric and magnetic (electromagnetic) forces.

Video: Electric Charge and Electric Fields

Reading: Charge Interactions

Reading: Electric Charge and Electric Force

PowerPoint: Magnetism Basics

Check for Understanding:Forces on Charged Objects

Check for Understanding: Electric Charge and Electric Force

Describe how fields can be used to explain the effect of forces that act at a distance.

Website: Electric & Magnetic Forces

Video: Gravitational Fields

Video: Gravitational vs Electric vs Magnetic Fields

Video: Magnetic Fields

Interactive: Can You Score a Goal in a Magnetic Field?

Reading: Earth's Magnetic Field

Check for Understanding: Compass Poles

Describe the difference between analog and digital signals and explain why digital signals are more reliable.

SlideShow: Analog vs Digital

Video: Analog vs Digital

Video: The Physics of Analog vs Digital

Website: Analog vs Digital

Check For Understanding: Analog vs Digital

ACTIVITIES

Web Links

Binary Numbers Decision Tree Virtual Lab

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WAVES

Blue Book "O" Waves, Sound, & Light, Ch 1 Waves, Chapter 2 Sound - only section 1 "What is Sound?", Chapter 4 Light, Mirrors, and Lenses

1) Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.

2) Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

Describe the properties of a wave.

Interactive: Wave Properties

Interactive: Waves Activity

Interactive: Wave Simulator

Video: Transverse and Longitudinal Waves

Reading: Tranverse and Longitudinal Wave Motion

Check for Understanding: Wave Properties

Describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

Video: Transmission of Sound

Reading: Wave Interactions

Reading: How Light Interacts with Matter

Video: Light Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission

Video: Why is the Ocean Blue?

Video: Why is the Sky Blue?

Check for Understanding: Visable Light & Matter

Check for Understanding: Light

ACTIVITIES

Web Links

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SPACE UNIT

(Forces & Interactions)

Glencoe Science Green Textbook Ch 7 Earth in Space

Students will 1) Construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects.

2) Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact.

ACTIVITIES

LTF Lessons

Significant Digits Lab

"Graphing Skills"

"Green Beans the Wonderful Fruit"

"Moon Watch"

Web Links

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CONSERVATION UNIT

(if time permits)

Chapter 19

Energy & Climate Lessons

Sight, Sound, Smell