6TH GRADE SCIENCE NGSS

MR. BRIAN BENTLEY'S CLASS

Below you will find the units we are going to study in this class this year in order.

1. Intro to Science

2. Structure & Properties of Matter

3. History of Earth & Earth's Systems (Rock Cycle & Water Cycle)

4. Weather & Climate

5. Ecology

6. Earth in Space

7. Motions and Forces Newton's Laws

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Intro To Science

WEBSITES

The Hypothesis Song

Ocean Odyssey: Oil Cleanup

Science and the Metric System

Describe the processes used by scientists to conduct investigations.

What is Science?

The Scientific Method

Fact, Opinion, and Bias

Video: Does Bias Play a Role in Science

Video: Measurement Mystery

Sharing Information

Check for Understanding:Describe the Processes Used By Scientists to Conduct Investigations

Explain the importance of following the steps of scientific inquiry.

How Do Scientists Obtain New Knowledge? Scientific Method

Video: The Scientific Method Song

What are Independent and Dependent Variables?

Scientific Method and Data Analysis

Video: Using Robots for Inquiry

Check for Understanding: Explain the Importance of Following the Steps of Scientific Inquiry

Engineering Introductory Material

Video: What is Engineering

Video: Scientists Profile - Solar Vehicle Engineer

Introduction Guiding Questions

Engineering Design

Describe the engineering process.

You Are an Engineer

Video: The Engineering Process

Video:Jesse Has a Problem: Think Like an Engineer Part 1

Video: Jesse & Squeaks Build a Better Back Scratcher Part 2

Video: Defining Success

Video: NASA Now: Engineering Design Process: Hubble Space Telescope

Video: Crazy Engineering: The Camera That Fixed Hubble

Check For Understanding: Describe the Engineering Process

Explain how the engineering process is used to solve a problem.

Video: Let's Fly!

Video: A Case of What-If's

Video: Engineering Games

What is a Satellite?

Video: So You Want to Build a Satellite

NASA: Building Hope

Video: Crazy Engineering: Gecko Gripper

Check for Understanding Engineering 2

Describe the role of the engineering process in technology.

Video: Green Careers: Civil Engineer

Video: What Makes Bridges So Strong?

Video: The Robot Challenge

What is Robotics?

Video: Scientific Profile: Biomedical Engineer

Check for Understanding: Engineering 3

ACTIVITIES

Virtual Microscope Activity

Laying The Foundation Materials

"Exploring Experimental Design"

"Come Fly With Us"

Scientific Method Practice 1

"Penny Lab"

Scientific Method Practice 2

"Numbers in Science"

No Textbook

Students will learn what science is and how scientist study their environment. Students will be introduced to the scientific method.

Web Links

Graphs Virtual Lab

Scientific Method Virtual Lab

Virtual Triple Beam Balance Airliner

Measurement Airliner

Graduated Cylinder Lesson Airliner

Density Virtual Lab

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Structure & Properties of Matter

Blue Book K "The Nature Of Matter" Chapter 2 States of Matter (sections 1 & 2), Chapter 3: Properties and Changes of Matter & Blue Book L "Chemistry"  Chapter 3 (section 1): Substances Mixtures & Solubility

Students will; 1) Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.

2) Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.

3) Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.

WEBSITES

Vocabulary

Video: Particles of Your World

Video: Matter

Playlist Study Guide

Describe the structure of atoms, and how atoms combine to form molecules.

Reading: Atoms, Elements, and Compounds

Video: What's All the Matter?

Video: Atoms and Molecules

Reading: Elements

Video: Reading a Chemical Formula

Video: Just How Small is an Atom?

Check for Understanding: Atoms, Molecules, and Substances

Describe different physical and chemical properties of substances.

Video: What's My Property?

Video: Properties of Matter

Reading: Physical Properties of Matter

Reading: Chemical Properties of Matter

Video: Physical and Chemical Changes

SlideShow: Density Experiment & Explanation

Check for Understanding: Properties of Matter

Describe the different states of matter.

Reading: States of Matter

Video: Solids, Liquids, and Gases Overview

Reading: States of Matter

Video: States of Matter

Video: States of Matter

Interactive: States of Matter

Check for Understanding: States of Matter

Identify how changes to temperature or pressure can cause matter to change state.

Reading: Matter Changing States

Video: Changes States of Matter

Reading: Changes of State

Check for Understanding: Changes of State

ACTIVITIES

LTF Lesson

"Significant Digits"

"Graphing Skills"

"Green Beans the Wonderful Fruit"

"A Cool Chemical Reaction"

"What's That Liquid"

LAB 1: Density Labs

LAB 2: Solubility of Salt in Water at Different Temperatures

LAB 3: States of Matter Virtual Lab

LAB 5 pH of Soil - Hydrangea Virtual Lab

LAB 6: Why Things Float Virtual Lab

Web Links

Melting Points & Boiling Points SAS Activity

Density Virtual Lab SAS

Chemical Properties Virtual Lab

Molecular Models Virtual Lab

Solids Liquids Airliner

Changes of State Airliner

Gases Airliner

Irreversible Changes Airliner

Density Virtual Lab

Bottling Honey NAEP Activity

Cracking Concrete NAEP Activity

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History of Earth & Earth's Systems

(Rock Cycle, Water Cycle, Plate Tectonics, Geo-chemical Cycles, Fossils)

Red Book H "The Water Planet Chapter 1 The Nature of Water

Red Book F "Earth’s Materials and Processes" Chapter 2 Rocks, Chapter 4 Plate Tectonics (section 2 & 3)

Red Book G "The Changing Surface of Earth" Chapter 2 Weathering and Soil (section 1 only), Chapter 4 Water Erosion and Deposition (Section 1 & 2)

Students will; 1) Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.

2) Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.

3) Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.

4) Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.

Describe how Earth's geological changes occur on different scales of time and size.

Reading: The Forces That Change the Face of the Earth

Interactive: Our Earth is Always Changing

Video: A Change of Scenery

Video: Landforms

Describe how the formation and change of rocks records the story of Earth's history.

Video: Chronology of Rock Layers

Video: Reading Rock Strata - Layers in the Grand Canyon

Interactive: The Rock Cycle

Reading: The Rock Cycle

Video: Rock Cycle Rap

Check for Understanding: How Different Types of Rocks are Formed

Check for Understanding: Rock Cycle

Identify how the layers of rock and fossils can be used to determine relative dates of events in Earth's history.

Reading: What is a Fossil?

Video: Fossils

Reading: How to Read Rock Layers

Video: Fossil Rock

Video: Relative Dating of Rock Layers

Reading: What is the Difference Between Relative and Absolute Dating?

Check for Understanding: Using Rocks to Learn the History of Earth

Identify and interpret types of evidence that show how Earth's plates have moved over time.

Reading: Continental Drift

Video: Continental Drift

Video: Evidence for Continental Drift

Video: The Moving Continents

Check for Understanding: Continental Drift

Describe how movement within the interior of the Earth causes change on the surface of the Earth.

Interactive: Earth's Structure

Reading: Tectonic Plate Motions

Video: Why Does the Earth Have Layers?

Check for Understanding: Plate Tectonic Motions

Check for Understanding: Tectonic Plates

Describe how water continually cycles on Earth's surface.

Video: The Great Aqua Adventure

The Water Cycle

The Water Cycle Interactive Quiz

Check for Understanding: The Water Cycle

Describe how sunlight and gravity drive the water cycle.

The Sun and The Water Cycle Book

The Water Cycle

The Sun and The Water Cycle

ACTIVITIES

LTF Lessons

"Tooth Pick Birds"

"Bean Bunny Evolution"

LAB: Students will study samples of the three different types of rocks.

Web Links

SAS Rock Cycle Activity

The Water Cycle SAS Activity

Inside Earth Virtual Lab

Rock Lab Airliner

Plate Tectonics Virtual Lab (SAS)

Earthquakes

Richter Scale

Volcano World

Rock Cycle

Earthquake.com

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Weather & Climate

Red Book I "The Air Around You"

Chapter 1 Atmosphere, Chapter 2 Weather, Chapter 3 Climate

1) Students will collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.

2) Students will develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.

WEBSITES

Notes: Organizer

Weather & Climate: Study Guide

Vocabulary: Climate

Identify factors that influence weather patterns, and describe why we use probability to predict the weather.

Factors Affecting Weather & Climate

Video: Severe Weather

Why Air Moves

An Introduction to Weather

What Causes Weather

Video: What Affects Weather

Video: Air Masses and Fronts

Weather Factors Practice

Describe factors that influence climate patterns, and describe the stability of climate patterns over time.

Factors Affecting Climate

Video: Climate: Poles vs Equator

Climate Altitude and Latitude: What's the Difference?

Climate Factors Practice

An Introduction to Climate

Identify how the ocean influences weather and climate.

Video: The Ocean: The Driving Force for Weather and Climate

Video: Ocean Currents and Climate

Video: Ocean Impact of the Global Weather

The Gulf Stream Explained

Ocean Currents and Climate

Describe similarities and differences between weather and climate.

Video: Weather vs Climate

Comparing Weather and Climate

Video: Weather and Climate

ACTIVITIES

LAB 1: Thermal Energy Demonstration

LAB 2: Thermal Energy Lab

Maps Virtual Lab

Weather Virtual Lab

Suns Effect on Climate and Seasons

Here Comes the Sun NAEP Activity

Sun's Effect on Climate & Seasons NEW

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Ecosystems

Green Book E "Ecology" Chapter 1 Interactions of Life, Chapter 2 The Nonliving Environment, Chapter 4 Conserving Resources, Chapter 5 Conserving Life (Section 1 only)

Students will; 1) Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

2) Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.

3) Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

WEBSITES

Describe how the availability of resources can limit the growth of organisms and limit population size.

Video: Biological Carrying Cycle

Limiting Factors to Population Growth

Video: How Many People Can Earth Hold?

Interactive: African Lions - Modeling Populations

Video: The Importance of the Predator

Interpret food webs to identify how matter and energy move between organisms in an ecosystem.

Video: Fabulous Food Chains

Video:Food Webs

Video: Food Webs

Video: Energy Pyramid and Trophic Levels

Reading: Energy Pyramids

Reading: Food Webs and Food Chains

Interactive: Food Webs and Food Chains

Describe how the atoms that make up organisms in an ecosystem are constantly cycled between the living and non-living parts of an ecosystem.

Reading: Cycles of Matter

Reading: The Carbon Cycle

Video: The Nitrogen Cycle

Video: Biochemical Cycles

Check for Understanding: Cycles of Materials

Describe the kinds of relationships that exist between organisms in ecosystems.

Video: 3 Types of Symbiosis

Reading: Symbiosis

Video: Symbiosis

Video: 10 Incredible Organisms Working Together in Nature

Reading: Predator and Prey Relationships

Reading: Seed Dispersal

Video: Seeds - Hooks and Spikes

Video: Elephants and Acacias

Check for Understanding: Ecosystem Relationships

Check for Understanding: Symbiosis - Mutalism, Commensalism, Parasitism

ACTIVITIES

LTF Lesson

"Baby Dice Island"

LABS & Web Links

Energy Flow In Ecosystems SAS 

Climate, Biomes & Ecosystems

Symbiotic Relationships

Food Chains and Biological Magnification

Abiotic Factors Virtual Lab

Biomes Virtual Lab

Photosynthesis Airliner

Worm World

Mystery Plants NAEP Activity

Herman the WormWriting: Students may write a paper or create a PowerPoint Presentation summarizing the major concepts learned involving one specific biome.

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Space

Red Book J "Astronomy" Chapter 2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System, Chapter 3 The Solar System

Students will; 1) Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons.

2) Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.

3) Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.

WEBSITES

Describe the patterns of the Moon's apparent motion.

Video: The Lunar Cycle

Interactive: Phases of the Moon

Image: Moon Phases

Video: Phases of the Moon

Website: Today's Moon Phase

Check for Understanding: Moon Phases

Check for Understanding: Lunar Phases

Explain how the model of the solar system can explain eclipses.

Reading: Eclipses

Video: Eclipses

Video: The Differences Between Solar and Lunar Eclipses

Video: What Causes Solar Eclipses?

Image: Total Solar Eclipse

Image:Total Lunar Eclipse

Image: Eclipse on Jupiter

Check for Understanding: The Shadow of the Moon

Explain how Earth's tilt relative to the Sun leads to seasons.

Reading: What Causes Seasons?

Video: Seasons and the Sun

Video: Earth's Orbit Around the Sun

Interactive: Seasons Simulator

Check for Understanding: Seasons

Describe the components of the solar system and how they are held in orbit around the Sun.

Video: Solar System 101

Video: Earth's Rotation and Revolution

Reading: Gravity Basics

SlideShow: Orbits and Gravity

Simulation: Solar System

Check for Understanding: Revolutions of Earth

Describe the different objects found in the solar system (planets, asteroids, comets, and meteors).

Interactive: Tour of the Solar System

Reading: Planets of the Solar System

Video: Solar System to Scale

Interactive: Tour of the Solar System

Image: Comet, Asteroid, and Metoriod

Video: How Are Asteroids, Comets, and Meteors Different?

Video: Comet, Asteroid, or Meteor?

Check for Understanding: Planets, Asteroids, Comets, and Meteors

Check for Understanding: Planets, etc.

ACTIVITIES

LTF LESSON - "Moon Watch"

Web Links

Seasons Virtual Lab (SAS) 

Planetary Motion Virtual Lab (SAS) 

Eclipses Virtual Lab (SAS) user name 

Characteristics of Our Solar System SAS Activity

Solar System Objects Revolutions (Solar Simulator)

Scale of Universe

Solar System Simulator #2

Earth, Sun, Moon Airliner

Lunar Phases Airliner

The Sun

The Nine Planets

Windows to the Universe

Welcome to the Planets

Solar Views

Space Kids

Solar Eclipses

NASA Solar System Simulator

Cosmic Basics

Planetary Fact Sheet

The Nine Planets Just for Kids
Writing: Students will write a paper summarizing the major concepts learned about one celestial body.

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Forces Unit

Blue Book M "Motion Forces and Energy" Chapter 1 Motion and Momentum, Chapter 2 Force and Newton’s Laws

Students will 1) Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.

2) Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.

WEBSITES

Characterize a force as having both magnitude and direction, and give examples of specific types of forces that may act on objects.

Reading: Force

Video: Friction

Reading: Friction

Video: Newton's Third Law - Action and Reaction Forces

Reading: Newton's Third Law

Interactive: Push and Pull

Interactive: Friction

Check for Understanding: Force

Determine when forces are balanced or unbalanced on an object, and explain how this will affect the motion of the object.

Video: Balanced and Unbalance Forces

Video: Using the Net Force Interactive

Interactive: Net Force (watch video above first)

Video: Calculating Net Force

Practice: Calculating Net Force

Check for Understanding: Calculating Net Force

Characterize velocity as having both speed and direction, and describe the position and motion of an object using a frame of reference.

Video: Example Frame of Reference

SlideShow: Frame of Reference

Reading: Velocity and Speed

Video: What is Velocity?

Video: Speed vs Velocity

Practice: Velocity

Check for Understanding: Frame of Reference and Velocity

Describe the relationship between the mass of an object, the force applied to the object, and the object's acceleration.

Reading: Acceleration

Reading: Newton's Second Law of Motion

Reading: Calculating Newton's Second Law

Video: Newton's Second Law of Motion

Check for Understanding: Acceleration

Check for Understanding: Practice Calculating Acceleration

Activities;

Students will complete

LTF Lesson

"Speed Lab"

Calculator Lab

Excel Lab

"Pendulum Swing"

P vs T Graphs

"Mechanical Advantage"

V vs T Graphs

LAB 1: Speed lab

LAB 2: Freefall acceleration lab

LAB 3: Newton's Laws of Motion Math Lab

LAB 4: Static & Sliding Friction Lab.

LAB 4: Motion Virtual Lab

Friction Airliner

Forces Airliner

Virtual labs

Work Virtual Lab

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